Internal stairs are becoming an increasingly important element of modern properties, offering both functionality and attractive design. The decision regarding the choice of internal stairs is a key aspect of the house design, which affects its comfort of use and aesthetics. There are many aspects to consider, such as the shape and location of the stairs, before making this decision.
Location and Shape of the Stairs
One of the first questions you need to ask yourself is where to place the stairs. They can constitute a separate staircase, be part of a hall or corridor, and even integrate with the open space of the house. The choice depends on the size of the house, user preferences and interior design style. For example, stairs straight from the living room or hall to the first floor may take up 5-7 m², while winder stairs are more suitable for smaller spaces.
Requirements Dimensions and Materials
The rules regarding the dimensions of internal stairs are strictly defined. Steps should not be higher than 19 cm, although 20 cm is allowed for attic and basement stairs. Steps with a height not exceeding 17 cm are considered comfortable. The width of the steps should be from 25 cm to about 30 cm for people with large feet.
The types of materials that stairs can be made from include reinforced concrete, wood, metal, stone and glass. The choice depends on aesthetic preferences and user requirements. Reinforced concrete stairs are durable and resistant to damage, wooden stairs are aesthetic and comfortable, and metal stairs look modern. Glass stairs add lightness and modernity to the space.
Types of Internal Stairs
Interior stairs come in various configurations, including:
- Single flight staircase: Straight and single flight, ideal for larger rooms.
- Two-flight stairs: Contains a bend and an additional support to change direction.
- Three-flight stairs: Comfortable in rooms with high ceilings, but take up a lot of space.
- Fan stairs: An original and effective solution.
- Spiral and spiral stairs: They take up less space, but require careful design.
For houses with limited space, it is necessary to find optimal internal stairs that will blend in with the rest of the room. I-type stairs or L-shaped stairs with openwork balustrades are unique solutions. The choice of internal stairs is an important element of home design. Decisions regarding their location, dimensions and materials affect the comfort and aesthetics of the interior. Regardless of the choice, it is important that the stairs suit the individual needs and style of the users, which will ensure harmony throughout the house.